We are aware of the fact that Mercury is the smallest of planets. Its radius is 2.439 km or 1.516 miles and a diameter of 4.879 km or 3.032 miles. What is its relationship to other planets in the Solar System? Explore other planet Mercury facts!!
Mercury is a slow-moving planet as compared to Earth. A day in Mercury is equivalent to 59 days on Earth. But, a year on Mercury passes quickly. Since it is so near to the Sun, It doesn’t take much time to travel through it.
One of the first documented studies in the field of Mercury can be found in one of the Mul.Apin tablets. The theory is that an old Assyrian Astronomer conducted the observations in the fourteenth century BC. The meaning of Mercury’s name on these tablets is translated as “the jumping planet.”
Although there are Sunsets on Earth and rises each day, it takes quite a while for this to occur on Mercury. A sunrise occurs on Mercury each one hundred Earth days. Get to find out more about planet Mercury facts here!!
Interesting Planet Mercury Facts
- Mercury is the closest planet located close to the Sun at an approximate distance of 57 million kilometres or 35 million miles.
- In all the earth-based planets, Mercury has the lowest density. Also, it is the most compact planet within the Solar System.
- Despite its size, Mercury is the second-densest planet in the Solar System after Earth. It is, therefore, extremely small.
- Mercury does not have rings or satellites.
- The surface of Mercury is very similar to that of the surface of the Moon. Mercury is the most damaged planet, which signifies that it hasn’t been geochemically active for long.
- Mercury has an area of 2.439 km/ 1.516 miles and a 4.879 km/ 3.032 miles diameter.
- Although it is not one of the planets closest to the Sun, Mercury’s temperatures are not as high. Mercury is hot as well as cold.
- At daytime, the Mercury’s surface temperatures can be as high as temperatures of up to 800°F (430°F) Celsius.
- At night the temperatures of Mercury’s surface can fall to as low as -290 ° Fahrenheit/-180 degrees Celsius.
- The changes in Mercury’s temperature are among the most dramatic within the Solar System.
- Mercury formed about 4.5 billion years ago after gravity created a swirl of dust and gas together.
- When Mercury was created in the year 2000, scientists believe it was subjected to heavy bombardments from asteroids and comets in the years following. Another event, known as”the Late Heavy Bombardment, ” which ended approximately 3.8 billion years old,, could also cause Mercury’s surface to be cratered.
- About the entire radius of Mercury can be seen in its huge iron core.
- Due to the unique dimensions, Mercury began to shrink when the core began to cool and expand, pulling the surface downwards.
Mercury Fun Facts
- In earlier times, Mercury was mistakenly thought of as two distinct stars in the night sky. The Mourning Star and The Evening Star.
- Mercury is orbiting the Sun at a speed of about 47 kilometres or 29 miles per second. The fastest planet.
- The sun takes 3.2 hours to get from Sun up to Mercury. If you were in Mercury but the Sun suddenly vanished, and you noticed this just after 3.2 minutes.
- Mercury and Venus both orbit the Sun within the Earth’s orbit. They are therefore considered to be inferior planets.
- The Crater Caloris Basin on Mercury is sufficient to fill the Texas state. Texas.
- NASA has been mapping all of the surface Mercury.
- Mercury’s core is more iron content than any other planet of the Solar System.
- At times, Mercury streams particles off of its surface, resulting in a tail much like the comet.
- A phenomenon known as”transit” occurs 13 times every century “transit” occurs 13 times each century, allowing us to view Mercury from Earth atwhen it crosses the Sun’s equator.
Scientific Facts About Mercury
- Mercury is the planet that is closest to the Sun. However, it’s not the one with the highest temperatures.
- This is by far the least populated star within the Solar System; it doesn’t have seasons or temperatures that dramatically change between night and day because of its very thin atmosphere. It is the one with the highest amount of craters Planet.
- Mercury has no moon, and because Mercury is so close to the Sun and is so close to the Sun, it can’t have any moon.
- Mercury is approximately twice the size of Pluto, and it will require 18 Mercury’s size to match the size of Earth.
- The first spacecraft to study Mercury came from NASA’s Mariner 10; it happened in 1974.
- If you were in Mercury and the Sun appears three times larger in the sky than it does from Earth. The Sun, however, is seven times stronger.
- The core of Mercury that forced its surface upwards because of expansion has been believed to diminished its size by 1-7 km / 4 miles.
Mercury is the most compact of planets of the Solar System and the closest to the Sun. Although it is extremely close to Sun, it’s not the planet with the highest temperature; the title is ascribed to Venus, however, Mercury is second in terms of heat.