Donald Trump becomes the 45 presidents of the United States today shortly afternoon on Friday. Here’s a look at some of the facts Facts About Inauguration Day or the opening ceremony and the binding oath he takes to take office.
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Facts About Inauguration Day
Taft administers oath to Hoover, 1929
Trump swore his oath with two Bibles. One Bible was owned by Abraham Lincoln, while the other is his personal Bible. George Washington started that tradition of using the Bible in 1789. Here’s a look at the other traditions of inaugurations and information from the past.
Washington’s inaugural ceremony was the first to require some ingenuity.
Washington arrived in New York City on April 30th, 1789. He was greeted with great fanfare, the crowd was large for what was later revealed to be an elaborate parade. After Washington reached Federal Hall, someone realized that they’d forgotten the Bible and contacted an adjacent Masonic Lodge. Washington also began the tradition of delivering the inaugural address.
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Inaugurations began on March 4.
After Washington’s first election, March 4 was the official day to begin the new administration. The 20 Amendment Amendment changed from the day into January 20, which was closer to the beginning of the new Congress.
Some inaugurations were scheduled for the 20th of January or March.
If those days were on Sundays and the ceremony was public, it took place on the following day, and the President who was returning or new was sworn in privately on Sunday.
William Henry Harrison wasn’t likely killed in his ceremony.
One of the most important stories from the history of inaugurations was that President Harrison died in 1841 because the President delivered a long inaugural speech in frigid weather and then was ill. Harrison passed away around 30-days after the date of his ceremony. Within three weeks of his announcement, he fell ill, which led people to believe that a different disease, perhaps Typhoid fever, killed the President who had just been elected.
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A President must swear an oath following the Constitution.
Article II 1. of the Constitution outlines the President’s swearing: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully perform the United States presidency and will protect, preserve, and uphold to the best of my abilities. Constitution of the United States.”
We aren’t sure the person who included “Under God” in the swearing.
Author Washington Irving stated that George Washington started the tradition of adding “So I pray to God” to the end of the oath. There’s no evidence to support that. Some think that Chester Alan Arthur used the words in his vow following the death of James Garfield died.
Hoover is the only President to not swear “Under God” after his swearing.
In modern times each President after Herbert Hoover has added “So I pray to God” after the end of the oath. Newsreel film from 1929 shows the Chief Justice William Howard Taft reading the oath in front of Hoover, who simply states, “I do” at the end.
John Quincy Adams didn’t swear to his oath using the basis of a Bible.
Adams used an alternative law book that included the Constitution.
A Vice-President is required to take an additional oath.
The Vice President swears before the President, and the oath is slightly longer. “I swear (or swear) to support as well as defend and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, both domestic and foreign; that I will abide by the Constitution with full faith and loyalty to the Constitution; I swear to this duty completely, without reservations or motives to evade And that I’ll faithfully and faithfully perform the obligations of the office that I’m about to assume Help my God.”
The Chief Justice generally takes the oath of the new President in a variety of ways, with certain variations.
After Washington’s inauguration, chief justices of the United States have read the oath during public ceremonies for inaugurations. There have been exceptions in the event of the demise of a President when there is a pressing necessity for the new President to take over the office. The last person who administered the oath who wasn’t Chief Justice was the Federal Chief Justice Sarah T. Hughes in 1963, following Kennedy’s death.